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State Of The Union Address - 1907 Theodore Roosvelt @ 6/30/2016

历史
I ask for authority to reform the agreement with China under which the indemnity of 1900 was fixed, by remitting and cancelling the obligation of China for the payment of all that part of the stipulated indemnity which is in excess of the sum of eleven million, six hundred and fifty-five thousand, four hundred and ninety-two dollars and sixty-nine cents, and interest at four per cent. After the rescue of the foreign legations in Peking during the Boxer troubles in 1900 the Powers required from China the payment of equitable indemnities to the several nations, and the final protocol under which the troops were withdrawn, signed at Peking, September 7, 1901, fixed the amount of this indemnity allotted to the United States at over $20,000,000, and China paid, up to and including the 1st day of June last, a little over $6,000,000. It was the first intention of this Government at the proper time, when all claims had been presented and all expenses ascertained as fully as possible, to revise the estimates and account, and as a proof of sincere friendship for China voluntarily to release that country from its legal liability for all payments in excess of the sum which should prove to be necessary for actual indemnity to the United States and its citizens.

This Nation should help in every practicable way in the education of the Chinese people, so that the vast and populous Empire of China may gradually adapt itself to modern conditions. One way of doing this is by promoting the coming of Chinese students to this country and making it attractive to them to take courses at our universities and higher educational institutions. Our educators should, so far as possible, take concerted action toward this end.

http://stateoftheunionaddress.org/1907-theodore-roosevelt
美国退还庚子赔款记
西历千九百零七年十二月,美国总统罗斯福君咨文议院,中有一节论赔款善后事宜,其言曰:当日政府之初意,本欲俟各种损失清偿之后,即以盈余之数交还中国,以为友谊之证,云云。是为美国退还赔款之议之肇端。罗氏又云:此邦(美国)宜竭力助中国之教育发达,使此地大人众之帝国,能振拔以适于今日之竞争世界,即如招致中国学生来此邦留学高等教育,亦达此目的之一法也。据此则赔款遣学生,其议实创自罗氏也。

        明年正月,议会通过议案如下:大总统得有全权,斟酌减损一九零一年九月七日与中国所订拳乱赔款二十四兆四十四万七百七十八元九角一分之债券,须使此项赔款之总数,不得过一十一兆六十五万五千四百九十二元六角九分(此即美国损失实数),期所余之数,大总统斟酌行之。

        是时十二月二十八日,以国务卿鲁特(Elihu Root)之进言,总统罗期福下令曰:(上略)准此则美国政府除确实费用及一切损失赔偿一十一兆六十五万元零之外,所余十二兆余美金,实为浮数,受之有惭德,应以之退还中国,以全友谊。惟中国自一九零一年七月一日至一九零九年正月一日,共已付若千金,于此一十一兆六十五万元之数,尚不足九兆六十四万元有奇,其自一九零九年正月一日以后,于中国每年分付之赔款内,留其若干份以凑足此九兆余元之数,而分其若干份,以归还中国。
另外,此篇关于中华文明的文章不错。
http://www.zhihu.com/question/22351625
发布于 6/30/2016 22:35:39 | 评论:0

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